“Astrophysicists at Western University have found evidence for the direct formation of black holes that do not need to emerge from a star remnant. The production of black holes in the early universe, formed in this manner, may provide scientists with an explanation for the presence of extremely massive black holes at a very early stage in the history of our universe.”
The original research:
The Mass Function of Supermassive Black Holes in the Direct-collapse Scenario
Shantanu Basu and Arpan Das
Published 2019 June 28, 2019.
The American Astronomical Society.
The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Volume 879, Number 1